Friday, November 6, 2015

Aitaerya Upanishad 1.2

1 ta eta devatah srishta asminmahatyarnave prapatan.h . tamashanapipasabhyamanvavarjat.h . ta enamabruvannayatana.n nah prajanihi yasminpratishthita annamadameti .. 

1.. These deities, thus created, fell into this great ocean. He, the Creator, subjected the Person (Virat in the form of a lump) to hunger and thirst. They (the deities) said to Him (the Creator): "Find out for us an abode wherein being established we may eat food."

 Sankara’s commentary here is highly illuminating and hence it is quoted in full as follows. “The created Beings fell into the Great Ocean i.e., samsara or the phenomenal world where the great water-currents consist of miseries created by ignorance, desire, and action and which is filled with vicious crocodiles in the shape of painful diseases, senility and death. Without beginning or end, shoreless and without bottom, it affords relief in the form of the fleeting joy produced from the contact of the senses with their objects. Alas, this ocean is full of high waves of hundreds of evils lashed by the wind of the intense longing of the senses for their objects and it roars with the deafening noise of the anguish and cries arising from its numerous hells. But there lies in the ocean, a raft of knowledge, in which are stored the provisions of many goodly virtues, such as truthfulness, integrity, charity, compassion, non-violence, control of the body, restraint of the mind, and determination and also a track in the form of holy company and renunciation, which leads to the shore of Liberation”.

2-3 tabhyo gamanayatta abruvanna vai no.ayamalamiti . tabhyo.ashvamanayatta abruvanna vai no.ayamalamiti .. 
2.. tabhyah purushamanayatta abruvan.h sukritam bateti purusho vava sukritam.h . ta abravidyathayatanam pravishateti ..

3.. He brought them a cow. They said: "But this is not enough for us." He brought them a horse. They said: "This, too, is not enough for us." He brought them a person. The deities said: "Ah, this is well done, indeed." Therefore a person is verily something well done. He said to the deities: "Now enter your respective abodes."

All indriyas and devatas fell into the Ocean of samsara. Asmin mahatyarnave Why? hagwan associated brahmandam as well as indriyam with devatas with 2 power ful forces in the form of hunger and thirst. This hunger leads to samsara.

As soon as a baby is born it cries for milk. Initially it is at the gross level of hunger then it is more subtle as eyes want to see something beautiful, ears need to hear pleasant; then mind needs emotional hunger for love; need for a companionship and comptability in companion, etc..

This hunger can never be satisfied. Even when a person dies his desires continue which then lead to a new body and so on endlessly. This is what makes life a continuous struggle. Hunger and thurst is a manifestation of apurnatvam
Atma is ever purnah Anatma is never purnah

kaaman yah kaamayate manyamanah
sa kaamabhir jayate tatra tatra (mundaka)

So to fulfil the desire the devas and organs have to work and fulfill their desire.
For this the indriyams require the support of a physical body and hence sthula shareeram

So for this deva (and indriya) now look for a physical body so that they can become a pramata, karta bhokta. Thus they approach Bhagwan - "we are in form of software - provide us hardware!" - this is the first shopping! Devas go to bhagwan to purchase body. They go body shopping ! Bhagwan offers varieties of shareeram..

They rejected multiple bodies and then when presented with human body they accepted because this alone can help fulfill all four purusharthas. What is special of manushya shareeram? Free will

Free will is a integral part of every jiva  but free will can be expressed only in manushya shareeram. In animals free will is present but unable to be expressed.
Since man has free will we can choose goals and work towards it - be it artha kama or moksha

Devas said sukrtam - this is well done when they saw manushya shareeram
So what is the payment for purchasing manushya shareeram?  Maha punyam.

Bhagwan addressed all the devas and indriyas - may you all enter the body and each of you occupy your respective positions/ abodes.

Mantra 4 
agnirvagbhutva mukham pravishadvayuh prano bhutva nasike pravishadadityashchakshurbhutva.akshini pravishaddishah shrotram bhutva karnau pravishannoshadhivanaspatayo lomani bhutva tvachampravisha.nshchandrama mano bhutva hridayam pravishanmrityurapano bhutva nabhim pravishadapo reto bhutva shishnam pravishan.h .. 4.. 

The deity fire became the organ of speech and entered the mouth. Air became breath and entered the nostrils. The sun became sight and entered the eyes; the quarters of space became hearing and entered the ears. Plants and trees, the deity of air, became hairs and entered the skin. The moon became the mind and entered the heart. Death became the apana and entered the navel. The waters became semen and entered the virile member.

Mantra 5
tamashanayapipase abrutamavabhyamabhiprajanihiti te abravidetasveva va.n devatasvabhajamyetasu bhaginnyau karomiti . tasmadyasyai kasyai cha devatayai havigri.rhyate bhaginyavevasyamashanayapipase bhavatah ..

5.. Hunger and thirst said to the Creator: "For the two of us find an abode also." He said to them: "I assign the two of you to these deities; I make you co-sharers with them." Therefore to whatsoever deity an oblation is made, hunger and thirst became sharers in it.

Hunger and thirst now ask for an abode. Hunger and thirst here represent desire and relate to all senses

Ishwara asked them to share accomodation with each of these pairs of devas and indriyas.

So whenever we offer any oblation to any devata then that havih goes not only yo the devata they satiate their hunger and thirst also.

Now we have devas with their indriyas, we have hunger and thirst. The next srshti will be food or anna srshti which is taken up in section 3 next

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