Sunday, September 6, 2009

Katha Upanishad Shankara Bhashya; Valli 4 Mantra 7


Mantra 7

ya pranena sambhavati aditir devatamayi
guham pravishya tisthanti ya bhutebhir vyajayata. etadvaitat


Gist
Very similar to previous mantra 2 more descriptions of HG are given. HG is in the form of samashti pranashakti. HG is samashti sukshma shareeram and prana is most important component of sukshma shareeram At death what leaves physical body is sukshma shareeram but we generally say prana leaves the body - i.e. prana is prominent component of suk shareera. Second description of HG is devatam mayi Samashti incl samashti karmedriyani samashti jnanendriyani samashti manah - samashti chakshur indriyam is called chakshur devata - can be called Surya devata. Each indriya samashti is a particuar devata. HG consists of the samashti of all the 17indriyams and so includes ALL the 17 (19 to be precise) devatas. So HG is called devatam mayah - a group of devatas. Atitih HG alone is present behind all the individual shareerams in the form of taijasa. HG being samashti is located behind every sthula shareeram. HG is living in every individual in the form of taijasa identified with suk shareeram. And this taijasa is experiencing bhokta bhavati. HG eva taijasa rupeshu sarva shareere bhokta bhavati. Adithi means bhokta. Adanaat adithi - means to experience to consume.

Kincha Morover - because this mantra is also taking about HG
ya sarvadevatam mayi sarvadevatatmika pranena hiranyagarbharupena parasmat brahmana sambhavati shabdadeenamadanaat aditi purvavat guham pravishya tishtanti atitim
Devatam mayi is in the mulam and means consisting of all the adhistana devatas (is HG) = sarvadevatatmika. Pranena is in the mulam = HG-rupena. sambhavati = is born. From where is HG born? from param-brahma Ishwara, how? through the sankalpa called tapas. shabdadeenam adanat adithi - Since HG alone consumes or experiences through the sense organs - panchabhakshya parannam - so adithi or bhokta. That HG alone has entered the guha the hrdaya guha within the body and becomes taijasa. Samashti HG enters the individual guha and becomes taijasa. And entry is not to be taken literally. It is like saying after the pot is created the space enters the pot as potspcae. As even the pot is created the mahakasa becomes the ghatakasa. purvavat = AS says I dont want to explain all these terms guham pravishya etc - look at the previous sloka.

Tameva vijinashti ya bhutebhi bhutai samanvita vyajayata utpanna ityetat
Now AS comes to the 4th qtr - tam eva that verisame HG is Himself vishinashti - the Up specifies or qualifies further..ya bhutebhih = bhutai. samanvita we supply - alongwith all the organs. "mamaivansho jiva loke..." form BG. vyajayata = utpanna - this HG is born. We now complete the sentence - yaha guham pravishya tishtantim pashyati saha Brahman pashyati - whoever sees that HG he is seeing Brahman only.

Anvayah
ya pranena sambhavati, ya bhutebhih saha vyajayata (saa) devatam mayi atithi (bhavati). guham pravishya tishtantim (tam yaha pashyati saha Brahma pashyati)etadvai tat.

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