Tuesday, February 26, 2008

The "Math" of Maya


Concept of Maya

In the Mangala Sloka(invocation) to this Beeja Ganita(algebra),
Bhaskaracharya says that supreme which is Infinite, does not suffer
diminution when creating the world out of Himself, or gain addition
when the created word attains Laya(merger) in Him. For, if the
addition of even a fraction can make a difference to the infinite,
then it could not have been infinite before such addition. Similarly
infinite cannot become less than the infinite when any thing is taken
away from it. The Infinite is poorna, full and limitless Supreme. The
Prapancha (Universe) which is infinitely varied, is also limitless
Supreme, the limitless Supreme will remain intact. Therefore, if this
Poornam ( the infinitely varied form of the objective Prapancha) is
taken away from that Poornam (the subject which is Infinite), that
Poornam, the subject Infinite, alone will remain.

This may be illustrated mathematically as follows : if 2 is divided
by 2, the quotient is 1. With 2 as the dividend, if the divisor is
progressively reduced as 1, 1/2, or 1/4 etc., the quotient will
respectively be 2, or 4, or 8,etc., Thus the divisor becomes less and
less, the quotient will become more and more. When the divisor is the
least, that is infinitesimal, approximating to Zero, the quotient
will be infinity. This is known as the Khaharam - Kha standing for
Aakas, signifying poojyam (zero), haaram, meaning taking away or
dividing.

How do we verify the correctness of an arithmetical question in
division? We multiply the quotient with the divisor and check whether
the resulting is equivalent to the dividend given in the question. In
this Khaharam, or division. In this Khaharam, or division of any
number by zero, the number that is divided stands for the Prapancha
9the pluralistic universe of infinite variety), the divisor, zero or
Poojyam, which in mathematical language is an indefinable factor,
approximating to nothingness, stands for Maya, and the quotient is
the Infinite, that is Brahman. For the purpose of creating the
Prapancha, which is dividend, Brahman , which is the quotient ,
multiplies itself by Maya, which is divisor. Even as I divided by
Zero, or 2 divided by Zero, or 3 divided by Zero, will give the same
quotient, when the Infinite is multiplied by Zer, it is
undeterminate, and therefore, it can take the values 1,2,3 etc.,
which are Bheda sankhyas, or numbers connoting differences, standing
for the plurality of the world. The Upanishad says that the One
Absolute determined to become many, and for that purpose. It
associated itself with Maya, and become Many. When this Absolute
Infinite multiplied Itself in association with Maya, which is
tantamount to zero, it appears as 1,2,3,4 etc., the several objects
of this Prapancha. But when any number is multiplied by Maya. The
dividend, which is the plurality of the prapancha is the Infinite
variety. The quotient, which is Brahman, is Real Akhanda and Ananta.
In the Saanti Mantra, Poornam adah is the quotient , Absolute
Infinity, and Poornam idam is the dividend, pluralistic Infinity.
Advaita anantam multiplied by Poojyam is Dvaita anantam. if the
latter is divested of is Maya -- by a process of Khaharam-dividing by
Poojyam which is Maya -- we get the Advaita anantam. Maya multiplies
the formless Infinite which is One only without a second , into an
infinity of finite forms. Th One alone , that is real, has value; the
Many, which are products of Maya, are like Maya, without ultimate
value. So Brahman is not affected either by diminution from It
(creation or Srsti) or by the addition to It(merger or Laya) of
Prapancha, which has no ultimate value.

The Divine Mother is the Creative Principle of the universe, the Maya
Sakti aspect of Brahman, which makes the Infinite One appear as the
Infinite Many. She presents the formless Supreme in finite forms. It
is only by her grace that one can transcend the Maya and obtain the
advaitic realisation of the One without a second.

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